Office Building Solution

BU I LDI NG SOLUT IONS

— Mid Sized Office Building S olution Innovate the concept of office ensuring energy efficiency, safety and comfort at optimized cost.

3 — Index

— Building Segment Overview

— Testimonials from ABB technology users

— Designing innovative solutions for offices

— Solution Architecture

— Office Solution Mid-sized building

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— Building Segment Overview

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— Building Segment Overview Segmentation

In a certain sense, the technology is transversal, but the solutions are effective when the technology is calibrated to the application. The best technical and economic compromise, the best design solutions are the result of experience, system choices and component choices. The careful and detailed analysis of the needs of the case of interest defines the user case.

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— Building Segment Overview Segmentation

— Residential

— Commercial

— Institutional

— Infrastructure

— Industrial

Single Family • Houses

Hospitality • Hotels, Resorts, Motels • Dormitories, Lodgings, Rooming • Cruiser ships Office • Low/Mid/High-rise • Multi-purpose • Laboratories • Call centres • Single/Time-share property Retail & Mall • Stores, Hypermarkets • Retail chains, Malls • Restaurants, Food chains • Showrooms Leisure Facilities • Casinos, Theme parks • Sport stadiums, gym-pools • Museum, Theatres

Healthcare • Hospitals • Nursing, Retirement homes • Elderly Care, Day Care • Multi-centres Educational • Schools, Universities, Colleges • Research facilities • Archives, Libraries Public • State/city buildings, Halls • Post-offices • Temples, Historic • Police, Military, Prisons

Transportation • Airports, Ports, Stations • Bus/Truck/Train terminals • Parking facilities • Tunnels

Manufacturing • Factory • Manufacturing • Transformation • Packaging

• Private dwellings • Single Apartments

Multiple Family • Multi family dwelling • Apartment’s complex

Storage • Warehouses • Cold storage plants

Others Industrial • Chemical, Pharmaceutical • Processing • Telecom

Others Infrastructure • Water/Sewage treatment

• Power Plants • Agricultural

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— Building Segment Overview Building performances

Currently, the strategic lines that guide the definition of the characteristics of a building are aimed at satisfying 4 classes of fundamental needs:

— Environmental sustainability

— Risk of future low resilience

— Health & comfort

— Life cycle cost and value

These classes of basic needs can be translated into 7 performances that measure the quality of the building itself. Transversal aspects common to all the required performances are scalability and modularity, more important the more rapidly the market demands change.

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— Building Segment Overview Building performances

— Efficiency

— Total Cost of Ownership

— Connectivity

— Sustainability

The building optimizes the energy consumption and supports the efficient use of resources.

The building gives the transparency of the operating and maintenance

The building enables its intelligent components to connect providing proper cyber security, preventing software vulnerabilities

The building runs with the best CO 2 footprint, according to GHG protocol sector 1.2.

costs. Warnings occur before a major fault.

and minimizing risks associated with data flow and storage.

— Flexibility

— Well-being

— Productivity

The building technology allows it to adapt easily to new usage requirements.

The building technology keeps employees and visitors healthy.

The building increases the productivity of employees, sets the right conditions (light, air quality, temperature …) adapting to the occupancy and expected performances.

BU I LDI NG SOLUT IONS

— Office solution Mid-sized building

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— Office vertical profile

Office accommodation selecting priorities are shifting. Office procurement is now more people centric, very different from trends in recent years which put the highest priority to cost.

— Maximizing Human Capital

— Energy Efficiency

— Wellness Standard

Although cost remains important the facilities management (FM) industry is reporting that the tenant will pay a premium for well equipped, technology enabled and tailored workspaces. Common data across the industry show that over 60% of tenants will pay up to a 10% premium for facilities so equipped. The business accommodation focus is now on maximizing human capital, gaining employee engagement as well as attracting, developing and retaining talent. There is also a trend to see accommodation aligned with corporate goals such as energy (net zero) and workplace environment (wellness standards). With economic uncertainty brought by the COVID global pandemic companies are looking for flexible accommodation able to be reconfigured and adapted to be able to meet rapid demand changes. The Post COVID demand is to create a collaborative, community space.

Air quality

58%

Comfortable light

50%

Water quality

41%

Comfortable temperatures

34%

Connection to nature

30%

Comfortable acoustics

30%

Health food options

26%

Fitness facilities

16%

Tech based health tools

13%

— Survey of 1,600 workers reveals that air and light matter much more than tech-based health tools. Harvard Business school: Future Workplace

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— Office vertical profile

Global business direction is influenced by the 5 global megatrends as shown below and this is reflected in the office building sector. ABB solution sets out to provide a basis for design and deployment of the systems necessary to optimise the operation of the building whether it is a standalone structure or a floor with segregated and spaces within a larger multiuse building. The solution is equally applicable.

— Global Megatrends

— ABB Solutions

— Building performance

Lightning

1 Flexibility 2 Sustainability 3 Well-being 4 Cost of Ownership 5 Efficiency

• Well-being • Urban lifestyle • Sustainability • Cleaner energy • Digitalization

Safety

Power

ABB Ability TM

6 Productivity 7 Connectivity

Security

HVAC

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— Office vertical profile

The COVID-19 crisis accelerated trends that were already impacting customers and the built environment prior to the pandemic.

— More flexible working spaces

— HVAC systems that supports both health & energy efficiency Ventilation and HVAC requirements are now more than ever important in reducing the spread of infection. The experts are suggesting increased need for air flow and room air changes whilst also introducing greater amounts of fresh air from natural ventilation (opening windows) and mechanical ventilation. With fresh air flow increasing, especially in temperate climates, brings an increased requirement to heat the fresh air and with that more frequent changes of filter media. Both of which will increase energy consumption and maintenance frequency. Periodic time-based maintenance regimes are now replaced with reactive maintenance based on real time data from the office space (air quality, temperature) and plant room (HVAC and Elec). Our move to carbon neutral is somewhat de-railed by these changes, so now we must fully utilise technology such as Building Energy management and Energy optimisation solutions as well as automation solutions in both monitoring and targeting (M&T) and fault detection and diagnosis (FDD).

On the one hand, before the covid around 2500 m 2 was enough for around 200 people, Post Covid, depending on the requirements established in each country, the required area could easily double to 5000 m 2 , on the other hand all companies are switching to a model decentralized with most of the remote work. In the future we will visit our offices less and typically only for periodic collaborative interaction thus reducing the demand for permanent space allocations and increasing the demand for meeting spaces for colleagues and guests.

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— Office vertical profile

— A more flexible and energy-efficient infrastructure

— Technology enabling energy self-sustainability

Electrical infrastructure in a modern office building requires more than a simple power distribution, flexible and scalable technologies for power distribution system for office building are now needed more than ever. In addition we see a requirement to reduce carbon emissions and meet the latest efficiency requirements. Any installed system shall also now comply with standards such as International standard IEC 60364-8-1 “Electrical energy efficiency within low-voltage installations”. Digitalization, country specific standards and cloud connectivity of power distribution systems are the preconditions to allow new advanced services and business models like XaaS or the integration into microgrids.

Many companies now share a corporate goal to achieve a carbon neutral operation and to be energy self-sustainable. There is an increasing requirement to include renewables like PV to the energy source mix of office building. New business models like EaaS (Energy as a Service) or the integration in a microgrid will become more the normal solution. We must also consider electric vehicle charging (grid to Vehicle) and the potential of vehicle to grid transfer using vehicle stored energy to supplement the building requirement. This technological ecosystem enhances energy efficiency, sustainability and resource conservation, enabling a genuine zero emission future.

— Power supply resilience enabling renewables

When in an office building power is mission-critical an uninterruptable power system (UPS) is a must. The use of UPS or battery storage on site not only protects supply but allows for onsite storage of energy derived from other sources than from the grid such as PV and wind energy (renewables) in many case selling surplus power back to the grid may be feasible.

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— Office Vertical Profile

— Energy management increasing efficiency and saving money Electrical energy use in offices rose significantly in recent years because of additional equipment, vending machines, information technology, air-conditioning and lighting etc. With active energy management technology every building has a potential for reduced energy costs. The first step in managing office building’s energy is to understand exactly how much is used and where its used. With this information at hand, areas for improvement can be highlighted, which will improve efficiency and save money. Metering devices connected to the building’s automation system intelligently acquire, store and analyse this information to drive efficiency for the long term. Offices are asking for scalable architecture which are offering both: embedded and external plug & play connectivity. There is now the need for building wide holistic approach to energy taking into account not only electricity and renewables but also solid fuel and gas consumed.

— More intelligent and efficient use of data

Data holds the key to the future of smart building technology with the now pervasive deployment of inexpensive IOT sensor devices as well as data available from other sources such as building automation, electrical distribution, HVAC, utilities, security and surveillance, business data and social media. The available data are typically in a myriad of formats but now they can be normalized by a number of solutions providing derived out powerful data about workspace mobility, accessibility, productivity, sustainability and health & wellness. Over the coming months ABB will add a number of these powerful workspace productivity tools to its industry leading Ability™ platform

— ABB Ability™

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— Building segment performance for office Innovates the concept of office increasing the energy efficiency, the security and the comfort

Constructing or renovating an office building is a challenge that will impact for a long period of time the whole life of the structure itself, its occupants as well as of the owner business.

Office structures are among the properties most affected by the continuous evolution of the world. In the increasingly imperative context of containing both costs and environmental impact, large and small offices will not only stand out for their innovative architecture but for the high added value services they will be able to provide, for the comfort offered to the occupants. In one woerd office building are the performances they are able to reach. Contrasting needs can only be satisfied with a radical change: electrical systems are not an accessory of the building structure, but the most qualifying part of it. The goal is the intelligent and automatic management of the same building and constant dialogue between its parts, its occupants and the staff in charge.

— Sustainability

— Cost of ownership

— Efficiency

— Flexibility

— Connectivity

— Well-being

— Productivity

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— Building segment performance for office Innovates the concept of office increasing the energy efficiency, the security and the comfort

The digital transformation of work is now history. Like what is happening in the service provided, the building structure from traditional becomes augmented. In an augmented building, the systems are managed in an intelligent and automated way, through the use of a supervision and control system to ensure energy and management efficiency, reliability, safety and comfort for the occupants: • not only energy efficiency, but also economic efficiency. Budget and sustainability are fundamental issues for all structures. Only integration of digital technologies can save energy and human resources. • Into the building safety and continuity of service are essential. Automation and control make it possible to guarantee protection from a large number of events. • Human resources are forcibly limited. The solution is in automation and communication. Automation guarantees greater precision in achieving objectives while reducing costs. • Any office structure is complex and dynamic, the staff and management need an up-to- date and truthful picture. Supervision and control are the technological tools for achieving of all operational and management objectives.

The systems, and the electrical systems in particular, are the central nervous system of an office structure. The intelligent electrical system: • feeds all the functions of the building, allows to provide a dynamic response to the changing environment and the best use of resources (including human resources), while protecting both systems and people. • makes it possible to satisfy the highest quality and safety levels required by the market and the legislator, with lower overall costs, guaranteeing sustainability and return on investment.

Intelligent systems are no longer an option, but a strategic imperative, such as flexibility, sustainability and quality.

ABB’s systems provide an intelligent power grid and building infrastructure for more efficient and effective augmented offices. The flexibility of the systems allows for rapid adaptation to changing conditions and challenges, reducing the risk of non-compliance and drastically cutting operating costs. Powering the buildings of today and tomorrow requires much more than creative ideas. ABB not only knows what a smart facility is, it also knows how to develop the technology on which it is based.

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— Building segment performance for office Innovates the concept of office increasing the energy efficiency, the security and the comfort

— Well-being

— Flexibility

— Sustainability

Ability to change the function of a space from say a canteen to a meeting space. Flex the spaces based on the functional requirements from individual working space to collaboration area. Systems must be able to be adapted readily, temperature, air movement and lighting requirements changed easily.

Many companies share a corporate goal to achieve a carbon neutral operation and be energy self-sufficient for their offices. Increasing requirement to include renewables like PV to the energy source mix of their office building The use of UPS or battery storage on site allows for onsite storage of energy derived from other sources than from the grid selling surplus power back.

Many studies now prove the link between workspace environmental conditions and productivity and beyond that ultimately staff retention. Absenteeism and the cost of recruitment are very significant cost and operation factors that impact directly the largest cost to any office-based business the staff cost. Modern buildings must be also be able to handle pandemic situations like CoVid19 and keep all people health which are using the building. ABB technology sets the right conditions.

ABB to support flexibility: • Cylon BMS • ABB Ability • Asset Management • HVAC, Lighting & Shade control • BOS

ABB to support sustainability: • EV-Charging • M2Z

ABB to support wellness: • HVAC & Air quality • UV-Lighting • Occupancy detection

• Energy Management • Occupancy detection • HVAC, Lighting control • PD (LV, MV)

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— Building segment performance for office Innovates the concept of office increasing the energy efficiency, the security and the comfort

— Cost of ownership

— Efficiency

— Productivity

Give the to building owner full transparency of operational costs, measure and see the benefits of the outcome of any change. Energy management monitoring and targeting to drive down energy cost as well as fault detection and diagnoses to drive down maintenance cost applied to both HVAC and electrical systems. Preventive building maintance can also help to keep cost under control.

Allow any changes to building operation to be carried out simply and quickly and in that case of SaaS cloud bases solution carried out automatically using AI and ML methods. The building could be said to be autonomous and continually optimizing efficiency inevitably leading to reduced cost.

The building sets the right conditions (light, air quality, temperature, …) to be most productive. Maximizing output per person and housing them in a suitable safe , secure and productive environment for the minimum cost.

ABB to support productivity: • BMS • ABB Ability • Asset Management • HVAC, Lighting control • Access control • Occupancy detection

ABB to support efficiency: • BMS, EMS • ABB Ability • Asset Management

ABB to support cost of ownership: • Preventive Maintenance

• Energy Management • Occupancy detection • HVAC, Lighting control

• PD (LV, MV) • EV Charging

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— Building segment performance for office Innovates the concept of office increasing the energy efficiency, the security and the comfort

— Connectivity

Connect buildings and its intelligent components by means of power, secured flow of data and overall infrastructure. Provide proper and timely handling of cyber security incidents and software vulnerabilities, to minimize risks with cyber security & data storage.

ABB to support connectivity: • Cloud to Cloud • Micro Grids

• Energy Management • Emergency Lighting • Panels (KNX) • Asset Management

• EV Charging • Renewables • Drives

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— Specific functions for improving building performances

Developer 01

Reduced environmental impact A technological and green building is more attractive to investors

• Budget cost to build • Regulatory compliance & Energy efficiency requirements • Sales potential • Location • Premises type and class • Ownership or lease • Building size and scale

In the Western world, sustainability is proving to be a major concern of the 21st century. Buildings that are partially solar-powered or equipped with an on-site electric vehicle infrastructure contribute to an emission-free future and enjoy lower electricity bills. Released resources allow investment in other specific sectors. Eurostat reports that almost 15% of final energy consumption is represented by the tertiary sector. By making it easier to access venture capital, opportunities to unlock funds to finance expansions or improve the quality of service and safety for staff increase. Another non-negligible benefit includes a lower risk of legislative sanctions, thanks to the guarantee of compliance with energy legislation. In the field of energy efficiency, in addition to the known minimum requirements in terms of renewable sources, regional directives and national legislation are setting a minimum level of automation for all new public buildings.

Greater flexibility means greater sales potential A flexible building ready to adapt to the need of the buyer

An advanced building is ready to adapt immediately according to the need of buyer and the company policies.

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— Specific functions for improving building performances

Owner 02

• Operational cost • Tenant billing • Maximizing rental potential and reducing voids

Greater flexibility means greater profitability for the owner A flexible building ready to adapt to the number of occupants

A solution that makes possible to innovate the concept of “office”, making it an advanced building ready to adapt immediately according to the number of occupants and company policies. All this, thanks to systems and solutions for monitoring, management and control of all office spaces: open spaces, meeting rooms and outdoor spaces.

Reduced operational costs An intelligent system detects quickly and maximizes rental potential reducing voids

From commissioning and spare parts management, digital panels simplify every moment of the facility’s life. With the monitoring of degradation conditions integrated into the framework, the timely identification and optimized management of system problems can be performed remotely, minimizing on-site activity. Smart offices are substantially more sustainable and resource efficient than traditional facilities, delivering significant savings on operational expenses (OpEx). Cost reductions of 50-60% are also achievable due to reduced energy use and longer life cycles, using solutions such as KNX single room and KNX ventilation control.

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— Specific functions for improving building performances

User/Tenant 03

• Space utilization • Occupant wellbeing • Reduce energy cost • Sustainability

• CO 2 credentials • Maintenance requirements • Reduce building down time • Maintain corporate messaging

Optimized resources and cost reductions An intelligent system not only detects quickly but predicts problems and provides the answer you need. Predictive maintenance makes identifying these types of problems faster and less expensively. It allows facility managers and technical staff to remotely monitor the power system 24 hours a day, via a cloud-based energy management platform. For example, changes in the harmonic spectrum of the current drawn by an air conditioner or circuit breaker can be a signal of an impending failure. Staff can optimize plant performance in real time and switch from periodic maintenance to need-based maintenance, so that maintenance is performed only when needed and the risk of downtime is reduced. Predictive maintenance is not limited to the closed ecosystems of individual vendors. Better energy management is also the key to improving return on investment and maximum energy efficiency. Smart metering and monitoring help facilities to have flexible and scalable access to the energy they need. With the right system, facilities can aim for a 7% improvement in energy efficiency, facilitating qualification for LEED certification and a typical ROI in less than 3 years.

More reliability and availability In an office building continuity and power quality are a matter of profit or loss.

Whether it’s a large office building or a professional studio, maximizing uptime and minimizing downtime is essential. Modern uninterruptible power supply systems (UPS) are essential for maintaining power continuity and quality. Modular architectures protect the supply, from the data center, to the workstation, to safety systems such as smoke extraction, to emergency lighting and to all other critical loads. The modularity of the solutions makes easy to update this type of installation without changing it entirely, allowing for greater flexibility and sustainability. To further support this, ABB solutions allow facility managers to maximize the efficiency of existing distribution systems.

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— Specific functions for improving building performances

Occupant 04

Meeting Room

• Scheduling • Information availability

• Air quality • Lighting • Controllability

• Room activation • Temperature control • Blackout control • Presence detection • Scenarios (e.g. projection) • Temperature dimming • Air quality control • Occupancy room status

• Safety & Security • Work environment

Greater comfort and efficiency for occupants A smart electrical system helps teams to be more efficient and effective.

The right automation infrastructure improves comfort and communication between facility management staff and occupants. By automating key building functions such as lighting, shutter control, heating, ventilation, security and energy management, open standard bus systems reduce staff workload. Meeting rooms, cellular offices, etc. can be automatically configured to meet individual needs, saving staff time and maintaining high quality service. Monitoring energy use helps in identifying underutilized resources that can be put back into circulation, while underused facility space can be reused and better exploited.

Extra

• Scenarios for special spaces (e.g. showrooms) • Parking status (free spaces) • Access control • Third party system integrations • E-mobility integration • Measurement and protection status detection

Open spaces

More safety Minimizing accidents has benefits for occupants as well as the facility’s financial performance. Occupancy detectors and motion sensors can be used to effectively monitor the presence of people. The predictive maintenance of the structure guarantees safety and functionality. Emergency lighting fixtures and systems provide clear instructions and help minimize injury in high-risk and evacuation situations. Compliance with stricter technical standards is becoming increasingly important. The company requires effective and reliable infrastructures that keep staff safe, even in the most critical conditions.

• Constant lighting control according with the set point • Air quality control

• Temperature control • Occupancy detection • Automatic and manual control of blinds • Manual lighting control

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— Conceiving and designing augmented offices

The goal is to constantly guarantee performances of the highest quality in a safe, efficient and sustainable environment.

Whether it is building or renovating a large business center, a university, small offices connected to a production or logistics complex, up to the professional studio, the design stage will have an impact on the performance and success of the structure for its whole life. Finding the right compromise between competing needs is a challenge for both designers and managers. Conceiving and designing a structure intended for offices requires not only to meet minimum safety requirements, but also the comfort needs of the occupants and staff in a context of energy and management efficiency.

The goal is to always guarantee optimal organizational conditions, such as to allow managers, teams and all staff to perform their duties efficiently guaranteeing the highest quality level in a total safe environment. The best solution to be adopted shall guarantee: • A converged occupant experience with comfort, security, personal preferences • A self sustaining operation at optimized cost • Cognitive function to automatically provide safe, sustainable, comfortable and productive environment for users

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— Main technical standard references

IEC 60364 “Low-voltage electrical installations”

EN 12464-1 ”Light and lighting - Lighting of work places - Part 1: Indoor work places”

EN 1838 “Lighting applications - Emergency lighting”

EN 15232 “Energy Performance of Buildings - Energy performance of buildings - Part 1: Impact of Building Automation, Controls and Building Management”

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— Features expected from office solution Automation, control and supervision

The boundary between traditional systems and automation systems can be identified in the ability to communicate that devices developed for automation systems have natively and which, on the contrary, is not usually provided in traditional devices:

PS

AREA 1

LC

AREA n

AREA 15

• in traditional low voltage electrical systems, the control device acts directly on the power circuit of the controlled user;

Main line

PS

• in automation systems, the control circuit is separated from the power supply circuit. The first consists of a signal network through which the control and actuation devices, equipped with their own processing and communication electronics, are able to exchange information in the form of digitally coded messages.

LC

LC

LC

PS

PS

PS

DISP

DISP

DISP

PS

Coupler/Repeater

DISP

DISP

DISP

256

DISP

DISP

DISP

LC

Power supply

DISP

Device

DISP

DISP

DISP

INNOVATIVE APPROACH HTML5 web based system – not depending from the type of equipment

SIMPLIFIED MANAGEMENT Mobile oriented: it fits to all the terminals (licensed)

SCALABLE NOT LIMITATION on number of tags and controlled equipements

MODULAR LICENSES with the possibility to have more supervisors at the same time

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— Features expected from office solution Automation, control and supervision

An automation system of a building allows a series of functions with a series of advantages for those who live in or use the building that the traditional installation technique cannot achieve.

The main fields of application of building automation systems are: • energy and economic savings; • communication; • safety; • comfort (including assistance for disabled people); • management.

The main macro functions guaranteed by an automation system are: • thermoregulation; • lighting; • drives and motors; • technical alarms and supervision; • remote control of the system; • scenarios.

ENERGY EFFICIENCY

COMFORT

SAFETY

SBC/U6.0.1.84

SA/S4.16.5.1

IR detector

LGS/A1.2

SBC/U6.0.1-84

DG/S1.64.5.1

JRA/S4.230.5.1

FCC/S1.2.2.1

6131/31-183-500

GM/A8.1

MT/S4.12.2M SPGS/W

VCO/S99.1

FW/S8.2.1

115 x 86 TKK/U.3.1-CG

JSB/S1.1

24 °C

W2/S1.3.1.2

WES/A3.1

Control panel

24 °C

Control panel

FC650/YMAX

FCC/S1.2.2.1 SBC/U6.0.1-84

DG/S1.64.5.1 JRA/S4.230.5.1

DG/S1.64.5.1 6131/31-183-500

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— Features expected from office solution Automation, control and supervision

— Energy and economic saving

Automation systems can play a fundamental role in reducing energy consumption in the tertiary sector which has now become the most energy-intensive sector in the main industrialized countries.

The standard EN 15232 standard allows a simple and recognized estimation of energy and economic savings related to the adoption of an automation system that was previously quite delicate and complex.

Definition of classes Residential D C B

Non residential D C B

The automation classes according to the European standard EN 15232

A

A

EMISSION CONTROL Heating control The control system is installed at the emitter or room level, far case 1 one system can control several rooms 0 No automatic control 1 Central automatic control 2 Individual room automatic control by thermostatic valves or electronic controller 3 Individual room control with communication between controllers and to BACS 4 Integrated individual room control including demand control (by occupancy, air quality, etc.)

Control of distribution network hot water temperature (supply or return) Similar function can be applied to the control of direct electric heating networks 0 No automatic control 1 Outsider temperature compensated control 2 Indoor temperature control Control of distribution pumps The controlled pumps can be installed at different levels in the network 0 No control 1 On off control 2 Variable speed pump control with constant Dp 3 Variable speed pump control with proportional Dp

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— Features expected from office solution Automation, control and supervision

— Energy and economic saving

The savings estimated according to the European standard EN 15232

BUILDING

BUILDING TYPE

f BAC.EL

f BAC.HC

D

C

B

A

D

C

B

A

Offices

1.10 1.06 1.07 1.05 1.07 1.04 1.08

0.93 0.94 0.93 0.98 0.95 0.96 0.95

0.87 0.89 0.86 0.96 0.90 0.92 0.91

1.51 1.24 1.20 1.31 1.31 1.23 1.56

0.80 0.75 0.88 0.91 0.85 0.77 0.73

0.70 0.5 a 0.80 0.86 0.68 0.68 0.6*

Lecture hall

School

Non residential

Hospital

Hotel

1

1

Restaurant

Wholesale and retail trade service buildings

Single family houses

Residential

Apartment block Other res. Building or similar

1.08

0.93

0.92

1.10

0.88

0.81

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— Features expected from office solution Automation, control and supervision

— Communication

The communication between different sub-systems within the same building or the visualization via the internet of images of the rooms following an alarm, are functions easily achievable in a bus system.

The main points to be considered are:

• Simplicity of wiring Using bus technology wiring for the connection between the devices, all data and information travel on a simple twisted pair, thus saving on the material and time spent laying the cables. Using a 6-conductor cable, you can also bring power and speech to the various devices. The possibility of using a simple 6-conductor cable compared to the considerable bundle of cables (or the large multipolar cable) traditionally used, considerably facilitates installation, reducing installation times. • Modularity By turning to systems that use modular technology, it is possible to make the system evolve over time, starting from the basic functions and subsequently adding the other functions, without nullifying the investments already made. • Continuity of service and ease of maintenance By taking advantage of the internal self-diagnosis and anomaly recognition functions present in some systems, it is possible to immediately identify any faults. If necessary, the electronic modules can be replaced without having to interrupt the operation of the system, thus ensuring continuity of service. In addition, the electronic room control modules, if installed in the corridor, could be replaced without having to enter the patient’s room. In this way, no disturbance is caused to the patients and doctors and nurses can safely continue to operate according to their needs, while the technical maintenance staff can intervene promptly.

A bus system can satisfy communication needs related to security, control and entertainment such as the activation of video surveillance cameras or the sending via internet of images of the rooms following an alarm, it allows to understand if there is really the issue or if it is just a false alarm. All the functions implemented in the various systems of a building can also be controlled remotely through the use of web servers or remote controllers on land or mobile networks. The video system becomes an integral part of the automation system, allowing, among other functions, communication between the different workstations within the same structure. The different communication solutions between staff and between them and occupants allow for important results, including ease of use, savings in installation and management and improvement of the service offered.

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— Features expected from office solution Automation, control and supervision

— Access control

MODULAR Modular architecture with stand alone graphics or that can be integrated into third party scada systems

SIMPLE CONFIGURATION Plug and play system. Just add the devices on the KNX line

SIMPLE MANAGEMENT Procedures for assigning access permissions simplified with various levels of user privilege

DIAGNOSTICS Integrated diagnostics for system alarms or faults

EXTENSION Simple and minimally invasive functionality extension

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— Features expected from office solution Automation, control and supervision

— Security

The integration of systems such as the alarm system, video surveillance and technical alarms allows to reduce installation costs without affecting performance. The presence alarm system can communicate with the video surveillance, lighting and other systems of the structure: the integration of the different systems therefore allows for a higher level of security and lower costs than single stand-alone systems. Many devices can be used multi-functionally by several systems.

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— Features expected from office solution Automation, control and supervision

— Comfort

— HVAC control - Comfort and efficiency in the same architecture

The increase in the comfort offered by the building and the quality of living are among the best known advantages of an automation control system. Lights and shutters of a room or a series of rooms can be grouped so that they can be controlled automatically or autonomously even by fragile people. This allows to conveniently turn off all the lights in an area with a single gesture, close the windows, put all the systems you want in standby condition (e.g. cooling), activate alarms, etc. By integrating the traditional functions of an electrical system with the control and automation functions of communication to and from the building, the usability of the structures is increased. Through thermoregulation, the system plays a fundamental role not only in minimizing consumption, but also in improving comfort. People with disabilities or with temporary or permanent mobility limitations can receive assistance in using the spaces and their functions. The solutions that in most cases meet these needs can be: • video surveillance cameras; • dedicated voice commands; • remote controls with specific features such as large illuminated buttons; • large parade buttons; • alarms reported on mobile phones in case of detection of flooding, gas leaks, open doors or windows, etc; • emergency call with dedicated or pull button.

HVAC SYSTEMS All HVAC is managed by the building management system

CENTRALIZED THERMAL EQUIPMENT All the equipment for heating and cooling (Boiler - Chiller-UTA - VRV Free cooling) can be integrated into the system and managed locally by PLC / Inverter

INTEROPERABILITY All the communication protocols can be integrated

DISTRIBUTED EQUIPMENT AND SENSORS All the equipment and sensors distributed in the rooms (fan coils, valves and thermostats) can be integrated and managed on the KNX protocol

FLEXIBILITY A flexible and modular architecture allowing to face all the possible cases

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— Features expected from office solution Automation, control and supervision

— Living & Comfort – Energy saving and comfort

LIGHTING Lighting management is integrated into the system

ENERGY EFFICIENCY AND COMFORT Natural and artificial light are exploited to ensure the best conditions of comfort and energy efficiency

AUTOMATED MANAGEMENT The building manages itself thanks to presence, brightness and air quality sensors

INTEGRATION WITH SPECIFIC PROTOCOLS Management of the lighting system on DALI bus

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— Features expected from office solution Automation, control and supervision

— Management

The supervision and control systems allow the monitoring of all the vital parameters of buildings, facilitates ordinary and extraordinary maintenance and optimizes the archiving of all data with connection to management software packages.

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— Features expected from office solution Energy Management

— The tools for managing and controlling building energy consumption

— Building Energy Manager System expected features

Energy Managers, building owners, and Facility Managers are all too familiar with the pressure to reduce costs and energy consumption while maintaining occupant comfort. Energy management includes planning and operation of energy production and energy consumption units as well as storage and energy distribution. Objectives are resource conservation, climate protection and cost savings, while the users have permanent access to the energy they need. It is connected closely to environmental management, production management, logistics and other established business functions. In this sense, the choice of tool for managing and controlling building energy consumption and costs together with the BMS and the electrical power distribution scheme constitute the fundamental elements of the design of an electrical system, on which the analysis and development of the solution will depend. The ideal tool for managing and controlling building energy consumption and costs is user friendly, reporting and charting are so intuitive and easy to understand that it is not limited to use by expert energy managers. The solution shall be tailored to meet the individual requirements of each customer. The right solution focuses on energy management in order to analyze energy consumption and target savings in a building, enabling energy efficiency improvements and the continuous commissioning of the building.

Cloud-based BEMS access to the meter and sensor information in the building over the internet. The information is collected from the BAS via a secure fixed IP connection and the end-user accesses their information by logging into a dedicated website using their unique username and password. No limit to the number of meters and sensor points you can connect to the service across any geographical location is essential for large organizations but useful also for any other context. The possibility to works with any third-party systems such as Tridium, BACnet, and standalone systems via the SQL or MS Access database where the meter and sensor information is stored is crucial to avoid any limitation in existing building as well as in fully new installations.

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— Features expected from office solution Energy Management

— Analysis and charting

— Increasing awareness & encouraging behavioural change A web-based public information display can communicate information on a building’s energy performance and provides tips and recommendations of how employees can assist in reducing energy consumption. By publically engaging people in energy efficiency behavioural change, there is the potential to improve energy efficiency by a further 5% over other energy efficiency measures in an organization. It also goes beyond the building bringing this positive behaviour into the wider public arena. • Improve building energy performance • Energy savings of up to 5% over other energy efficiency measures through behavioural change • Reduce cost and carbon footprint • Communicates energy policy & strategy to the public • According with ISO 50001

— Reporting

The BEMS analysis and charting shows how, where, and when energy consumptions are. Energy consumption data can be analyzed in a number of different ways from spectral analysis displays, regression analysis, actual versus target graphing, and lots more. Charting: • View real-time energy information in day, week, month, year and custom view • Compare time periods, meters and export data Analysis: • View energy patterns using the Spectral Analysis tool • Set targets based on driving factors or fixed parameters • Compare actual versus target • Access regression analysis, overspend and cumsum charts • Analyze energy consumption compared to a smart target for real-time energy management

Reports are an important tool for ongoing energy control by helping managers and key decision-makers keep track of energy-saving initiatives, verify if and where savings have been made, and when targets have been achieved. Fully customized reporting feature allows to generate instant or scheduled reports on energy consumption, costs, carbon emissions, performance versus targets, as well as tenant costs reports.

— Monitoring and alarms

Alarms viewed via the map based interface are particularly useful for a quick overview of multiple buildings in multiple locations for bureau or monitoring centres: • Anomalies detected in energy consumed versus expected consumption • Alarm reports issued via email • Analysis of historical alarms can help identify potential ongoing issues.

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— Features expected from office solution Service continuity

— General distribution schemes

There are no real specific technical standard references for the choice of the electricity distribution scheme, also in consideration of the fact that this choice is necessarily free and dependent on the process served. Electricity distribution systems are a fundamental infrastructure for most business processes and help to determine their performance in terms, for example, of energy management, safety, reliability and maintainability. If plant safety is an essential property as a legal requirement, reliability, availability and maintainability are instead characteristics of the plant that directly impact the business. The possible configurations that an electrical distribution system can assume can generally be traced back to three fundamental schemes:

Characteristic

Scheme simple radial

double radial

ring

Reliability

min min min max min min

max max max

avg

Service continuity

avg 1 avg 2 avg 2

Voltage stability

Losses

min

Initial cost

max max max

avg avg avg avg

Service and maintenance cost

Flexibility

min

Management

max

avg

• the simple radial scheme; • the double radial scheme; • the ring.

1 If short interruptions of service are acceptable in case of breakdowns or work on the system. 2 It is a function of the point where the ring is kept open.

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— Features expected from office solution E-Mobility

— EV charging stations

Office building should be equipped with a modern infrastructure EV charging stations, the access is from a ramp with automatic access control and power supply is configured for EV chargers. The power distribution is dimensioned so that all chargers can operate at the same time at full power; in the future the user will have the possibility to increase the number of EV chargers without modify the installation thanks to reserve designed and to the load management function. Load management makes sure that the available capacity of the building is not exceeded. At times when the current demand is high, the EV charger will pause the charge session. The charge session will start again when there is availability on the grid. Slow charging is perfect for employee cars staying for the whole day in the parking, while fast chargers are perfect solution for parking place reserved for visitors, enabling re- charge in a shorter time. The charging unit should be connected to the internet via GSM, WiFi or LAN for perfect integration into smart building system and configuration via app. Simplified authentication via either RFID or App provides flexibility for public-use case applications. Protection and safety of power supply are ensured by protection devices and automatic switches. Consumptions are kept under control and energy meters are integrated into BMS for the asset management.

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